Ella Fitzgerald (b 1918), the American singer became well known as cabret singer during 1940s who developed scat-singing technique using voice as instrument during jazz improvisations.

Ella was raised in Yonkers, New York, orphanage.

Ella, at the age of sixteen, caught attention of bandleader Chick Webb during a talent contest and joined him as singer and also headed Webb's band for two years after his death (1939).