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Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is a state in India. It has an area of 1,36,034 sq kms. Population of this state is 20,833,803 as per census 2001. Raipur is its capital city. Hindi is its principal language.

History and Geography

Chhattisgarh, carved out of Madhya Pradesh came into being on 1 November 2000 as the 26th State of the Union. It fulfills the long-cherished demand of the tribal people. In ancient times the region was known as Dakshin-Kausal. This finds mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata also. Between the sixth and twelfth centuries Sarabhpurias, Panduavanshi, Somvanshi, Kalchuri and Nagvanshi rulers dominated this region. Kalchuris ruled in Chhattisgarh from 980 to 1791 AD. With the advent of Britishers in 1854, Raipur gained prominence instead of capital Ratanpur. In 1904, Sambalpur was transferred to Orissa and estates of Sarguja were transferred from Bengal to Chhattisgarh. Chhattisgarh is bounded by southern Jharkhand and Orissa in the east, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh and western Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh in the south. Areawise Chhattisgarh is the ninth largest state and population-wise it is seventeenth state of the nation.

There are 11 Lok Sabha and 90 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies in the state.

Districts

Bastar District Bilaspur District in Chhattisgarh Dantewada District Dhamtari District Durg District Janjgir-Champa District Jashpur District Kanker District Kawardha District Korba District Korea District Mahasamund District Raigarh District Raipur District Rajnandgaon District Surguja District

Lok Sabha and their Vidhan Sabha (Legislative assembly) constituencies

1 Surguja Lok Sabha Constituency (ST) - 4 Premnagar Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 5 Bhatgaon Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 6 Pratappur Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh (ST), 7 Ramanujganj Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 8 Samri Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 9 Lundra Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 10 Ambikapur Vidhan Sabha Constituency and 11 Sitapur Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh (ST)

2 Raigarh Lok Sabha Constituency (ST) - 12 Jashpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 13 Kunkuri Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 14 Pathalgaon Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 15 Lailunga Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 16 Raigarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 17 Sarangarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC), 18 Kharsia Vidhan Sabha Constituency and 19 Dharamjaigarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST)

3 Janjgir Champa Lok Sabha Constituency (SC) - 33 Akaltara Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 34 Janjgir Champa Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 35 Sakti Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 36 Chandrapur Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh, 37 Jaijaipur Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 38 Pamgarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC), 43 Bilaigarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC) and 44 Kasdol Vidhan Sabha Constituency

4 Korba Lok Sabha Constituency - 1 Bharatpur Sonhat Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 2 Manendragarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 3 Baikunthpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 20 Rampur Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh (ST), 21 Korba Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 22 Katghora Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 23 Pali Tanakhar Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST) and 24 Marwahi Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST).

5 Bilaspur Lok Sabha Constituency - 25 Kota Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 26 Lormi Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 27 Mungeli Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC), 28 Takhatpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 29 Bilha Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 30 Bilaspur Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh, 31 Beltara Vidhan Sabha Constituency and 32 Masturi Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC).

6 Rajnandgaon Lok Sabha Constituency - 71 Pandariya Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 72 Kawardha Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 73 Khairagarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 74 Dongargarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC), 75 Rajnandgaon Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 76 Dongargaon Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 77 Khujji Vidhan Sabha Constituency and 78 Mohla Manpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST)

7 Durg Lok Sabha Constituency - 62 Patan Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh, 63 Durg Rural Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 64 Durg City Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 65 Bhilai Nagar Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 66 Vaishali Nagar Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 67 Ahiwara Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC), 68 Saja Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 69 Bemetara Vidhan Sabha Constituency and 70 Nawagarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC)

8 Raipur Lok Sabha Constituency - 45 Baloda Bazar Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 46 Bhatapara Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 47 Dharsiwa Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 48 Raipur Rural Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 49 Raipur City West Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 50 Raipur City North Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 51 Raipur City South Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 52 Arang Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC) and 53 Abhanpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency

9 Mahasamund Lok Sabha Constituency - 39 Saraipali Vidhan Sabha Constituency (SC), 40 Basna Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 41 Khallari Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 42 Mahasamund Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 54 Rajim Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 55 Bindranawagarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 57 Kurud Vidhan Sabha Constituency and 58 Dhamtari Vidhan Sabha Constituency

10 Bastar Lok Sabha Constituency (ST) - 83 Kondagaon Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 84 Narayanpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 85 Bastar Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 86 Jagdalpur Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 87 Chitrakot Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 88 Dantewada Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 89 Bijapur Vidhan Sabha Constituency in Chhattisgarh (ST) and 90 Konta Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST).

11 Kanker Lok Sabha Constituency (ST) - 56 Sihawa Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 59 Sanjari Balod Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 60 Dondi Lohara Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 61 Gunderdehi Vidhan Sabha Constituency, 79 Antagarh Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 80 Bhanupratappur Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST), 81 Kanker Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST) and 82 Keshkal Vidhan Sabha Constituency (ST)