!AUGUST AUGUST, originally called Sextilis, as the sixth month of the Roman year, which began in March. However, August is the eighth month of the year in Gregorian calendar. It has 31 days. This month was named August in honour of Augustus, as being the month identified with remarkable events in his career. The name was given by the Senate of Rome in honour of Octavian who was given official title of Augustus. It so happened that the first Roman emperor, Octavian, wanted to have a month named after him. He then selected the month in which he was born. This month was september, but he selected it to be renamed Augustus, his official title, which was shortened to August.